Tuesday, March 12, 2019
What are the differences between how a child learns and how an adult learns?
Child encyclopedism is built on the concept that children take aim to be fully guided on what they need to learn, how they depart learn it and when it will be learned. Pedagogy is the art and acquirement of teaching children (Knowles, 1984, p. 13). This type of learning promotes dependency of the learners on the teacher or instructor. The counterpart of pedagogy is Andragogy which is the art and science of helping adults learn (Knowles, 1984, p. 13). It is fancied that adults have capabilities to take responsibility for learning so that there is to a greater extent(prenominal) independence from the teacher or instructor.Curricula for child learning atomic number 18 in truth more than controlled. They are age specific so that children depend much on what the teacher will teach and it is expected that the teacher will provide all the answers. For adult learners, teachers do not have much control of the curriculum and they are not expected to provide answers alone only to guid e the adults to find the answers. It is expected that adults have basic cognition and experience so that their kind of learning is more self-directed. Children are more subject-centered while adults are more performance-centered.When children learn, they are guided by agency models and substitute knowledge and experiences of others. Teachers tell them when situations are worth following and when situations are to be avoided. Adults learn by performing in their own surroundings and problem situations. Childrens learning is enhanced by rewards and punishments. To recognize their acquired learning and also to encourage them to learn more, they are provided with rewards like high grades dependable feedback like very good, excellent and even gifts. Adults are more goal-oriented. Their deftness allows them to immediately apply their learning to achieve their goals.