Sunday, March 31, 2019
Compare And Contrast Two Leaders History Essay
Compare And Contrast deuce Leaders History EssayAccording to (Richard.L. Huges, 2009)Leadership is a social trance process shared among each members of the group. It is the ability to inspire and at the comparable fourth dimension influence others to strive towards one earthy terminal. The aim of this base is to compare and contrast dickens loss attractors Steve Job who was a subscriber line draw for Apple Company and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who was a policy-making and weird attractor of India whose main focus was on non-violence. Firstly, I would declare which one of these dickens enceinte loss leading was much effective. Secondly, I will evaluate what skills they present to make themselves much(prenominal) with child(p) leaders in the business, political and spiritual creation.Finally, meaningful conclusions will be drawn from the discussions of the two leaders. The relevant education and content for this paper were ga thered from books, lectures, revo lutionarysletters and internet research. I wish to declare the assistance of my wife and colleagues for their valuable contributions toward this paper.2. The comparison between two great leaders Mahatma Gandhi and Steve JobsIn commencement, I would say that both leaders were great at inspiring and motivating others. Although their struggle involved the achievement of divergent objectives (Gandhi- the indep displaceence of India and the freedom and equality of its citizens and Jobs- constant and aggressive innovation and creativity in reapings and serve), their leading styles were somewhat similar in accomplishing their goals.According to (Gupta, 2008) Gandhi without a doubt could inspire and move the masses in India and around the world when he so convincingly r closing curtainerd that crimson a common man discount make a difference by pitch the British empire d give. He accomplished this feat with his principles of self-reliance and non-cooperation to the British Autocrac y. He willingly inherited the support of umteen Indian citizens against the bout of this dictatorship. He believed in effecting change by dint of positive conflict he organized many intermissionful protests and swear outes and effectively utilized the tactical manoeuvre of civil disobedience to undermine the British Rulership. He explicitly exhibited done the Salt March that change can be effected by means of still protests rather than anarchy and chaos. A fight for liberation was a fight that everyone felt up a social function of.Steve Jobs, who was in any case inspired by the legendary Mahatma Gandhi, inculcated a similar method in the behavior he inspired the employees of Apple Company to work assiduously towards the proceedsion of the outdo product for the company. He served as a motivator for many original CEOs with his hard knock style of leadership in the peculiar way he excessivelyk his company into a new era. Especially because of his think varied messag e and ability to continuously surpriseand deliver on his passel as cited in (Gupta, 2010). Jobs is particularly noned for his philosophy to make products which were at the intersection of art and technology, intuitiveness and design. His openness to being inspired allowed him to live his philosophy, and in turn inspire others.Secondly Gandhi and Steve Jobs build relationships with their chase through their leadership styles, which enabled them to execute their mints of being prospered leaders. Gandhi connected with people of all classes, creed, holiness and beliefs and built powerful relationships by his simple deportment of a smock dhoti a persistent with his modesty and humility which he displayed, indiscriminately with everyone by touring crosswise India, leading all the major movements personally and by holding diverse exoteric meetings repeatedly. Steve Jobs build relationships with all employees and remained simple by wearing jeans and jersey despite holding the hon ored position of CEO of the Apple Company. both leaders understood that in order to gain the loyalty and payload of their followers, the autocratic distinction and segregation between superior and subordinate through corporate attire, offices and other luxuries had to be abolished. In the instance of Jobs, employees need to flavor comfortable, not intimidated, in order exploit their highest potential and creativity. Likewise, Gandhis philosophy preached manage for one and all friend or foe.Thirdly, great credibility can be seen with Gandhi, through his initial work and movements in South Africa, so Indian society would already last what a great leader he was, by using his non-violent methods to attain his goals. He led through example by being a slave for the people of India and empowering the global public. According to (Gupta, 2008) He made it his policy to practice what he preached, even to the small things like spinning yarn to make his own clothes. He resorted to simple an d poor living, just like millions in the country, hence people looked at Gandhi as one of their own, and they could see their own sufferings in him. age Steve Jobs according to (Gupta, 2010) is known to be secretive and does not give too many interviews or public appearances, his strategy, though adds to an section of surprise and curiosity, also provides him the necessary credibility. People know from his past that he delivers on his cry and does not crap a false smoke screen of distraction and deception.In addition both of these leaders were visionary one of the closely striking qualities of Gandhi his long term vision, self confidence and strong principles of righteousness. He would have envisioned freedom for his followers a very long time before Indian got Independence from the British. Steve Jobs was known to have a stubborn and perfectionist attitude, which led in executing his vision, which was according to (Reed, 2012) making the beat and virtually original product s the world had ever seen even under ominous market conditions demanding quick reaction. He could envision new product and know what it would look like months before he would have make it. what is more both leaders had Faith them self -Mahatma Gandhi and Steve Jobs believed in themselves, both believed that they had a great responsibility. Firstly, Gandhi believed that it was his duty to free his country and he exhibited complete credit in his abilities, strategies and principles. He knew hed a play a significant lineament in the freedom of India and so he did in amity with his famed quote Be the change you want to see in the World. It was this eternal faith and confidence in himself that eventually manifested itself in the faith of millions of Indians in him.Similarly, Steve Jobs believed that it was his responsibility to grow the Apple Company through pioneering new products and function through constant innovation. Infact, his severe secrecy about products through their early stages of production clearly depicts his complete confidence in himself. Conventionally, companies invest in rigorous advertising during the production process of a new product so that by the time the finished product is ready for launch, there is already a committed market with full awareness of the features of the product and willingness to buy. However, Jobs strategy was quite antithetical the public knew nothing of the Jobs products until the official entrance was instituted. He desired greatly the element of surprise and was confident that his submission simulated military operation were more than enough to raise awareness and willingness to buy the product. extreme but not least both were Great Tacticians Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Steve Jobs were men of intense strategies and tactics and these strategies were well in sync with their beliefs and principles. Gandhis main objective was to end the British Dictatorship and gain Indias independence. However, his ferve nt belief in peace and non violence restrained him from leading an anarchic and chaotic revolution. Nevertheless, Britain succumbed to his demands through his tactics of organised massive civil disobedience. This can be seen in his most famous protest called the Salt March. Against a British policy of taxing the use of salt for Indians, he organized a 388 km march to the sea at Dandhi, Gujarat and make salt for himself. This campaign was extremely successful in upsetting the British and the government decided to negotiate with Gandhi. His peaceful apology was his main weapon that leads him to victory. Steve Jobs had some tactics too that make his dreams of constant innovation and creativity. His perfectionism, belief in the element of surprise and proportionality between micromanagement and strategic direction helped him to achieve his objectives.3. Contrasting two leaders Mahatma Gandhi and Steve JobsMahatma Gandhi and Steve Jobs, although very similar in many ways, were also v ery several(predicate) in many ways in their leadership styles (the great paradox). thither differences stem from the different culture their vision, different generation era and different end results/goals.Firstly, Steve Jobs was a more authoritarian leader in the on the job(p) environment while Mahatma Gandhi was a Servant Leader in the political and spiritual environment. He used his tactics of massive civil disobedience to organised millions of people in Indian to employ non-cooperation, non-violence and peaceful resistance as his weapons in the struggle against the British. Jobs on the other hand, because of his perfectionist quality, used a dictator type of leadership style to get the best from his employees. He ensured that the employees worked towards his vision which was to envision a better world of improved services and products.Secondly, Mahatma Gandhi was not interested in affluence and material wealth in life. This could be seen in the simple clothes he wore, the way he communicated with the common man and the way he lived his life. While Steve Jobss main goal was to impress and capture the world with his services and products and at the same time lead a creative and innovative company in the prestigious position of CEO.Thirdly, Mahatma Gandhi ardently exhibited and practised love for all in accordance with his inspirational quote Love for one and all, friend or foe. He was able to channel public discontent into a positive elementnot with force but by love this trait was unceasingly present in hisleadership.Steve jobs demonstrated no emotions towards his employees his only rage was to maintain the best product for the market and ensure that his employees work towards his vision. Jobs was the kind of leader who concentrated solely on getting the project completed and plausibly regarded the employees as an instrument in the completion of the project. He paid myopic or no attention to the personal lives or issues of his employees.In addition, Mahatma Gandhi was a great communicator he was a great public speaker who was bald-faced and eloquent in convincing his followers of his objectives. Public awareness of his vision was imperative in achieving Gandhis liberation hence, he brilliantly utilized his journalistic skills to write various articles about his vision. On the other hand, Steve jobs seldom interacted with the public in an attempt to product the originality, creativity and competitive advantage of his new products. He was noted however, to give public speeches at the launching a new product which was the only time he actually interacted with the public.4. Who of the two was the more effective leader?Mahatma Gandhi was a more effective leader in terms of how he fought for his followers because he had a passion to fight for people who suffered inequality and discrimination. His excellent knowledge of English law, as a result of his legal studies in England, provided him with the skills he needed to effectively co nflict against the autocracy of the British without breaching any laws. Since he had study in England and would have known the consequence of breaking the law. With his tactics of peace and non violence, he organised millions of people and convinced them of his cause without any element of imprisonment or coercion. He believed in justice and equity and opined that injustice to one was injustice to all. He urged that one who observed and passively acquiesced to a frightful injustice done to someone was just as culpable as the perpetrator of the injustice. His righteousness, transparentness and philanthropic disposition automatically attracted many followers. do people was a natural talent of Gandhi because of his unison of thought, word and championship. His followers never questioned his intentions nor mistrusted him because he was ever so genuine and truthful to them. In addition, he was a leader in the true sense he conjecture and executed all his plans fearlessly and was a lways the initiator of action plans.5. What skills did they demonstrate?They were many skills which Mahatma Gandhi displayed as being as a true leader for his followersFirstly, leadership was one of Gandhis heroic qualities. His leadership was overtly displayed through his motivation of the lower class in his village to begin understructure spinning their own clothing. He initiated the intercommunicate by making his own clothes at home which he later wore to walk with his followers. This gesture was the beginning of poverty reduction within the lower class as many were able to start businesses in clothes making. Moreover, Gandhi fought diligently to end the issue of discrimination among the lower class in the Hindu religion. Gandhi focus alot of his energy in ending this segregation and made them realize how grave it was for them to be allies rather than rivals in order to survive and battle against the British Rulership. The Indian Independence Movement was the all-time heroic deed led by Gandhi. This movement was accomplished in 1947 by Mahatma Gandhi. In essence, he proved that leadership and loyalty are achieved through transparency not hypocrisy, through inspiration not coercion and through cooperation and not disintegration.Secondly, simplicity, modesty and humility were some of the most evident qualities of Gandhi. He believed in living a simple life with only the basic necessities. He was completely detached from luxury and materialism. He was neither arrogant nor sneering even though he was a lawyer. He never felt the need to be adorned extensively and thus dressed evidently with his white dhoti, which was home spun. Even though he accomplished such greatness and triumphed over so many obstacles, he neither seek recognition nor gratitude. He vowed to remain a simple man in accordance with his quote I claim to be no more than an average man with less than average ability. His instinctive ability to always speak the truth was another outstanding quality of Gandhi. Even if I am a minority of one, truth is still the truth.In addition, braveness and courage were imperative to achieve the many feats of Gandhi. It took immense courage and valour to demonstrate strong opposition to the British Autocracy. All the marches and protests, in particular, the Salt March were incredible symbolism of valour and heroism. He only when believed very strongly in something and fought tirelessly to achieve it. He was pertinacious to disallow any acts intended to instill fear to impede his cut of success and quickly recuperated from physical abuse and unlawful imprisonment. It was almost as though he was immune to acts of violence directed against him.6. ConclusionIn conclusion, Gandhi and Steve jobs were both outstanding heroes in their own generation era. Both leaders possessed numerous qualities consistent with being exemplary individuals. They set many examples for several countries and companies to follow. They both had their own belie fs and dreams and they fought relentlessly to achieve them.Gandhi triumphed despite all the impediments thrown in his path to instil failure. And the most celebrated part was that he did it with peace and non-violence. Leadership, simplicity and bravery were the three most outstanding qualities in Gandhi. While Steve Jobs conquered the world by being a perfectionist and having a vivid imagination. His scrupulous attention to detail and his infinite imagination enabled him to create products of wonder that amazed and captured the market. He was definitely a man of inventions and creations.