Thursday, March 21, 2019
Tourism :: essays research papers
In the more scotchally developed countries (MEDCs), similar mainly with the industrialised countries of the northern hemisphere there, has been an explosion in the maturation of empty and tourism industry, which is now believed to be the worlds second largest industry in terms of money generated. In order to differentiate between leisure and tourism it should be recognised that leisure often involves activities enjoyed during an individuals free time, whereas tourism commonly refers to organised touring undertaken on a technical basis. Development in the two areas could be attributed to changing patterns in working lives within the last four decades. Generally, people now have more disposable wealth, work shorter hours, receive longer, paid annual leave, retire previous and have greater personal mobility. In addition, according to Marshall & forest (1995), the growth of the tourist industry per se whoremaster be associated, in part, with the concentration of capital the em ergence of diversified leisure based companies, sometimes within wider corporate conglomerates and often associated with particular airlines. Furthermore, the festering of tourism can generate employment both directly, in jobs created in the hotels, restaurants etc, and indirectly, through economic consumption on goods and services in the local area. Nevertheless, although the tourist industry is competitive, which fundamentally keeps down the cost of foreign travel, the success of tourism in both one area can be influenced by weather, changing consumer tastes, demographics, economic cycles, government policy, not to mention international terrorism and other forms of conflict.(1) Although much(prenominal)(prenominal) factors may have a detrimental affect on the deliverance of a popular tourist destination (or even tourism in general, in light of September 11th 2001), the consequence of tourism in general is often three fold environmental, social and cultural, which in exhaust has prompted a search for new friendly approaches that are less destructive.It is a well-noted fact that tourists from the developed world, or rich western nations, are in favour of visiting unspoilt natural environments and places steeped in tradition. However, Lea (1988) regards such attractions as being a sign of underdevelopment and rarely tolerated by the legion nations just because they meet with foreign approval of visitors. Instead, it is the priority of the respective governments to assert living standards to acceptable levels, which means modernisation and the implementation of various infrastructures. Nevertheless, if administered in effect mass tourism could provide a form of sustainable development by meeting the needs of the present without compromising those of the future.