Sunday, May 19, 2019

Person-centred approach †Carl Rogers Essay

Person-centred approach is a mental turn out which was invented by Carl Rogers (1902-1987). Carl Rogers was an American psychologist and psychotherapist. His hypothesis was that each person ingests a reserved potential of self-understanding and the power to variegate themselves positively. The t get of psychotherapy and helping relationship is to help to mobilize those reserved potentials. The person-centred relationship has three briny features 1. Empathic understanding is when the abetter _or_ abettor is trying to understand the customers world and the way the guest lives his/her life. During my piss I persevere my behaviour and emotional responses positive. I do not try to crop the clients decisions and choices. I accept the clients choices, if that does not ca intent harm or dangerous to the client, to me or others.For example follow the clients bedtime routines. 2. Unconditional acceptance is when the helper does not try to lead the client towards most imagined ideal , entirely accepts the client just the way he/she is. The helper tries to identify the clients feelings and gently give them back to the client. The effective communication is very distinguished and the active listening as well. In my work place I am trying to ask questions from the client when I can see something disturb her. For example emotional distress about a broken relationship. 3. Congruence is when the helper does not play a role in the relationship, but insert in it whit his/her whole cosmos. The helper has to be valid while he/she expresses his/her emotions. The helpers thoughts, emotions and words be also important, not just the clients.Maslow PyramidAbraham Maslow (1908-1970) was an American psychologist who developed the Maslow-pyramid, the power structure of indigences. His theory was that thither is a hierarchy of demand from the elementary biological needs to the complex psychological motivations. If the basic needs are being satisfied then the person can rea ch the following level, and the next He categorised the basic human needs into five groups1. Physiological needs The physiologic needs are the most dominant needs like air, water, food, sleep. If these needs are not being met, or even just one of them unsatisfied, then all(prenominal) the other needs may resign or being downgraded. For example If someone is hungry, this persons only purpose is to get some food. In this case he/she volition not pull off with the other motivation needs, such as buy a safer car. He/she will neglect all the other basic needs as well, the sexual desire and the need of sleep. The hunger completely fills out the persons mind.-When I am working I cook meals to the client and assist her to eat. The client also has Fortisip (multi-fibre milkshake or nutritionary milkshake) five times a day via PEG (Percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy feeding tube). -I take care of the clients fluid intake. As District Nurse requested, the client has to have two litres fl uids per day. -I check the clients air compel mattress each day. It has to be on the pressure relieve mode and descend to the recommended load. This was specified by the District Nurse.2. Safety needs What is safety? I think the knowledge that we are protected from danger, from weather, from crime, from war, from epidemics, etc It also includes the sense of existential stability that we will be able to ensure to gather our basic needs in the future. When I am working I ensure that I articulate the clients Care plan with all the risk estimations and I am aware all the possible dangers. The client I am working with has -Medication risk assessment knob has visual damage she is not able to read the medication labels. client has allergies. Client is using catheter and stoma. -Moving and handling risk assessment Client is not able to move carers need to use the ceiling hoist for all transfers.Carers use slide sheet for positioning. -Pre-assessment-Premises and Environmental Risk/s to staff no risk found. - transmittal Control Infection in the peg send. Clogging of the tube. Peg tube get ins out of the stomach. Client colonised with MRSA at catheter site and is being treated for it. Future infection in the body and stoma site. Keeping the Stoma discipline clean and caring for the Colostomy. -Health and Safety risk assessment Client chokes when she is eating or drinking repayable to her condition. Incorrect diet and supplements will cause choking and health complications. -Heavy Load Carer pushing the client in a carer controlled wheelchair as client is not able to useelectric wheelchair. Carer is at risk of hurting their back when pushing client up gradients. -COSHH Storage of cleaning goods assessed.-Bed Rails risk assessment Client can fall out of bed or hurt herself on the rail when having a spasm. -Pressure dreadful risk assessment Client is not mobile and thus needs to ensure the use of pressure relieving equipment. -Nutritional risk assessment To ensure client maintains a healthy nutritional intake. -Financial risk assessment Client does not have the capacity or mobility to look after her finances.3. Social needs On this level, when the basic and safety needs are being satisfied the individuals emotional needs come to the forefront. The individuals desire to be surrounded with friends, family. The point is the affectionate, intimate, honest human relationship. Here the fare is not to be confused with the basic sexual desire from Level 1. During my work I am trying to keep the client emotionally content. Although my client has a family which visits her as much as possible, but sometimes they just cannot make it for a week and my client becomes upset, worried and stressed. To avoid this situation I keep her company and try to distract her anxiety. I speak to her and share my memories with her. I entertain her and keep her positive.4. Esteem Individuals need to estimate themselves that is self-esteem. The need for positive se lf-esteem is common in everybody. An individuals emotional well-being is based on their own self-image and self-esteem, the way they feels about themselves. Individual does also need the respect of others which should be gained by real capabilities and results and in this way the individuals self-esteem will further nourish. While I am working I give as much attention as possible for the client. To promote the clients emotional well-being it is important to show certain interest in her person and to ask questions to find out more about her and to listening what she wants to say. I ensure that she feels herself listened to, understood and respected.5. Self-actualisation It is hard to achieve self-actualisation even foreveryday people. When the physiological needs, the safety needs, the social needs and esteem are being met than the individual can start to work to achieve self-actualisation. Maslow thought there is some behaviour whose can lead to self-fulfilment. They can be used we ll in my work in care. -Try raw(a) things do not stick with old, safe methods. For example try a new food it might taste good or try a new activity. -Be honest and real, do not play a role. For example take part in the clients care with your whole being. (Just as Carl Rogers said in his Person-centred approach-congruence part.) -Be patient and steady to reach your goals. For Example support client to achieve what they appetite.A number of people run into the meanings of self-actualisations, Maslow called them peak experiences. The peak experience is an experience characterized by happiness and safety. It is a state of perfection, the cherry on the top. As every people different they experience these moments in different ways, just a few example-Affectionate relationship with others, birth of a child.-Creative activity, an own exhibition.-Joy of the sport, to win on a competition.I have worked with my client as a live-in carer for over a year now, I know that shes cherry on the t op would be to see a live Lee Evans show. She adores stand-up comedy and she favours Lee Evans. Hopefully one day shes wish will come true. I am sure if there will be a notice her family will take her to a show and she will be able to experience the fleeting moment of self-actualisation. (All of us can feel these peak experiences day by day not just in a long waited thing. I preferred to choose this example in my course work.)

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.